- Explain, using diagrams, how demand and supply interact to produce market equilibrium.
- Analyse, using diagrams and with reference to excess demand or excess supply, how changes in the determinants of demand and/or supply result in a new market equilibrium.
- Explain why scarcity necessitates choices that answer the “What to produce?” question.
- Explain why choice results in an opportunity cost.
- Explain, using diagrams, that price has a signalling function and an incentive function, which result in a reallocation of resources when prices change as a result of a change in demand or supply conditions.
- Explain the concept of consumer surplus.
- Identify consumer surplus on a demand and supply diagram.
- Explain the concept of producer surplus.
- Identify producer surplus on a demand and supply diagram.
- Explain that the best allocation of resources from society’s point of view is at competitive market equilibrium, where social (community) surplus (consumer surplus and producer surplus) is maximized (marginal benefit = marginal cost).
This is where we bring demand and supply together... X marks the spot!
You will receive a packet of resources that we will use to meet the objectives above.