- Describe, using examples, common access resources.
- Describe sustainability.
- Explain that the lack of a pricing mechanism for common access resources means that these goods may be overused/depleted/degraded as a result of activities of producers and consumers who do not pay for the resources that they use, and that this poses a threat to sustainability.
- Explain, using negative externalities diagrams, that economic activity requiring the use of fossil fuels to satisfy demand poses a threat to sustainability.
- Explain that the existence of poverty in economically less developed countries creates negative externalities through over-exploitation of land for agriculture, and that this poses a threat to sustainability.
- Evaluate, using diagrams, possible government responses to threats to sustainability, including legislation, carbon taxes, cap and trade schemes, and funding for clean technologies.
- Explain, using examples, that government responses to threats to sustainability are limited by the global nature of the problems and the lack of ownership of common access resources, and that effective responses require international cooperation.
Cap and trade schemes: http://www.stuffyoushouldknow.com/podcasts/whats-the-deal-with-carbon-trading/
Use p147-153 Blink/Dorton plus handout from Welker text to fill in document I will give you to address the above objectives.
When we finish this you will have your first try at writing a long essay (IB Paper 1). You will do this in class as an open book test (formative assessment).
Tips for writing long essays:
Below is the (very) short version. I have shared a 13 page document on essay writing and, in particular, evaluation (also useful for Paper 3(d) and Internal Assessment here: LINK TO LONG ESSAYS AND EVALUATION
Part (a) resembles a short essay question and, as such, you are encouraged to define key terms, provide examples, and illustrate theory with an appropriate diagram. Remember to use the diagram in your answer. Don’t just stick it on at the end!
Part (b) invites you to use the skill of evaluation. Evaluation is a higher order skill and is a process that involves the careful consideration of a topic or issue, with a view to forming a balanced conclusion. There are various approaches to evaluation:
- Short term versus long term implications
- Compare advantages and disadvantages
- Effects on different stakeholders
- Prioritising arguments
Part (a) is worth 10 marks and should take 18 minutes.
Part (b) is worth 15 marks and should take 27 minutes.
And don't forget to check out the video below starring Vincent Chase from Entourage :)