- Explain that aid is extended to economically less developed countries either by governments of donor countries, in which case it is called official development assistance (ODA), or by non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
- Explain that humanitarian aid consists of food aid, medical aid and emergency relief aid.
- Explain that development aid consists of grants, concessional long-term loans, project aid that includes support for schools and hospitals, and programme aid that includes support for sectors such as the education sector and the financial sector.
- Explain that, for the most part, the priority of NGOs is to provide aid on a small scale to achieve development objectives.
- Explain that aid might also come in the form of tied aid.
- Explain the motivations of economically more developed countries giving aid.
- Compare and contrast the extent, nature and sources of ODA to two economically less developed countries.
Resources: article - “What are the arguments for and against foreign aid?”, handout - Welker textbook, p385-89 Dorton/Blink. Use these to do the following tasks:
- Distinguish between:
-official development aid (ODA) and non-official aid
-humanitarian aid and development aid
- Explain these types of development aid - soft loans, project aid, programme aid, technical assistance aid, commodity aid, tied aid
- How does NGO aid differ from ODA in terms of purpose or scale?
- Explain the motivations of economically more developed countries giving aid (political and strategic; economic; humanitarian)
- Case study: Afghanistan and Uganda - read and comment on their different experiences regarding aid
Here are some recent statistics "Foreign aid reaches record high"